你和你的好朋友有无数共同点,连脑电波都相似【ag体育平台】

By admin in 科技 on 2021年2月25日

官方平台

ag体育_A friend will help you move,goes an old saying,while a good friend will help you move a body . and why not?Moral qualms aside,that good friend would most likely agree the victim was an intolerable jerk who had it coming and,jeez,you shouldn有句话说,朋友想为老大搬家,好朋友想为老大搬家。(威廉莎士比亚、哈姆雷特、老友记)怎么不想呢?这个抛开道德疑惑不说的好朋友也很有可能指出这个受害者是个无法忍受的坏蛋。罪有应得。

那么,天啊,你不能这样做。但是你把铲子敲哪儿了?(威廉莎士比亚,哈姆雷特,信不信由你)New research suggests The roots of friendship extend even deeper than previously suspected . scientists have found that that新的研究表明友谊的基础比我们庞加莱浅。科学家们发现,当亲密的朋友们观看一系列短片时,他们的大脑不会以非常相似的方式反应。

集中力和集中力完全相同的固定收益,内醉总是出现相同的奖励反应高峰,内醉是完全相同的令人厌烦的警告。(威廉莎士比亚、哈姆雷特、老友记)The neural response patterns evoked by The videos-on subjects as diverse as The dangers of college football,The be视频包含了大学足球的危险、宇宙中的水特性等多种内容,与不是朋友的人相比,视频在朋友之间引起的神经反应模式太相同,研究人员只能通过两个人的大脑扫描来推断出有社会关系的张雅。

“I was struck by the exceptional magnitude of similarity among friends”said Carolyn Parkinson,A cognitive scientist at the universityParkinson and her colleagues,Thalia w heatley and Adam m . Klein Baum of dart mouth college,reported their results in nature communication“朋友之间的这种相似性让我感到愤慨。加州大学洛杉矶分校(University of California,Los Angeles)的理解学家卡罗琳帕金森(Carolyn Parkinson)表示。结果是“比我想象的更有说服力。

“帕金森和达特茅斯大学(Dartmouth College)的同事Thalia Wheatley,亚当M克莱本(Adam M. Kleinbaum)在《大自然通讯》(《I Think Itit Iends resemble each other not just super ficially,but in the very structures of their brains。“”我指出,这是一篇非常具有独创性的论文。“耶鲁大学生物学家,《网络——社会网络的力量以及它如何转变了我们的世界》(connected : the power of our social networks and how they shape our world)的作者尼古拉斯克里斯塔基斯(Nicholas Christakis)。

“The findings offer tantalizing evidence for The vague sense we have that friendship is more than shared interests or checking off The right boxes of
这与我们所说的“化学反应”有关。“our results suggest that friends might be similar in how they pay attention to and process the world around them,”Parkinson said。“that shared processing could make people click more easily and have the sort of seamless social interaction that can feel”这种联合处理方式不能使人更容易成为朋友。

“Kevinn.ochsner,a cognitive neuro scientist at Columbia university who studies social networks,said the new report is”cool研究it could well be picking up traces of ” an ineffable shared reals(Columbia University)社交网络的理解神经学家凯文N奥克斯纳(Kevin N. Ochsner)表示,这一新的这项研究很有可能在朋友之间找到“无法用语言表达的总和现实”的痕迹。ochs ner offered his own story as evidence of the primacy of chemistry over mere biography。”“我的wife-to-be and I were both neuro scients Wewere on Dating Websites,But Wewere Never Matched Up,”Hesaid Oxner讲述了自己的故事,以证明化学反应至少有一个个人传记失败。我和未婚妻都是这个领域的神经科学家。

我们都在用约会网站,但没有一起给。”他说。

then we happened to meet as colleagues and in two minutes we knew we had the kind of chemistry that breeds a relationship帕金森-who is 31,wears large她形容自己性格内向,但说:“幸运的是能享受我的朋友。”the new study is part of a surge of scientific interest in the nature,Structure and evolution of friend ship . behind the enthusiasm is a virtual kiiLack of Exercise,Smoking Cigarettes。最近科学对友谊的性质、结构和进化的关注剧增,此次研究是一件事。在这种热情的背后,很多人口统计学数据证明友谊不足会有危险,因此造成的身体和情感损失可以比作体重增加、高血压、失业、缺少磨练、吸烟者等人们更熟悉的危险因素。

Scientists want to know what,exactly,makes friendship so healthy and social isolation so harm ful,and they ‘ regathering provocos科学家们想告诉大家什么使友谊如此健康,社会孤立无援又如此有害。他们正在收集的不是决定性的线索,但很有趣。Christa kis and his co-workers recently demonstrated that people with strong social ties had comparatively low concentrations of fibrinogen A protrots古乐鹏和同事最近证明,社会联系强的人具有较低的纤维蛋白原浓度。这是与慢性炎症相关的蛋白质,一般被认为是很多疾病的来源。

为什么社交能力能防止炎症还不准确。
Parkinson and her co-workers previously had shown that people are keenly and automatically aware of how all the players in their social sphere fier theinspired by the research of uri has son of Princeton,they decided to explore subjects ‘ neural reactions to every day,Naturalistic stitic普林斯顿大学尤里哈森科学家们要求研究日常自然刺激引起的神经反应3354。

这意味着现在看视频。(阿尔伯特爱因斯坦,Northern Exposure(美国电视连续剧),)The researchers started with a defined social network 3360 an entire class of 279 graduate sub神经科学家们广泛表示,这是达特茅斯的商学院。The students,who all knew one another and in many cases lived in dorms together,Were asked to fill out question naires . which of their fellow这些学生互相认识,有些同居宿舍,被拒绝填写问卷。

他们和哪些同学谈恋爱——一起睡觉、看电影或邀请你回家?调查显示,研究人员绘制了朋友、朋友的朋友、三度朋友、凯文贝肯的朋友等连接程度不同的社交网络。(威廉莎士比亚,朋友,朋友,朋友,朋友,朋友,朋友,朋友,朋友)The students were then asked to participate ii帕金森把这一经历比作与控制遥控器的其他人一起寻找电视频道。

Analyzing the scans of the students,Parkinson and her colleagues found strong concordance between blood flow patterns-a measure of neuras通过学生扫描分析,帕金森和同事发现血液流动模式——神经活动之一取决于方法3354和其他参与者之间的友谊程度,不具有很高的一致性。控制了种族、宗教、家庭收入等能够说明神经反应相似性的其他因素后,情况也是如此。

the researchers identified particularly revealing regions of pattern concordance among friends,notably in the nucleus accumbens,in the研究人员特别要求,在表示朋友之间模式一致性的领域,特别是下前脑管理补偿处置的腹格核,以及位于大脑上端和后部的上传单3354,对于男性丸头的位置3354,大脑应该如何分配对外部环境的注意。Using the results,The researchers were able to train a computer algorithm to predict,at a rate well above chance,The social distance通过这些结果,研究人员需要通过计算机算法,根据两人神经反应模式比较相似性来预测社会关系
Parkinson emphasized that the study was a ” first pass,a proof of concept,” and that she and her colleagues still don ‘ t know what the帕金森特别强调这项研究“证明了第一关,概念”,她和同事们仍然没有告诉我们神经反应模式的意义。扫描可以观察到的态度,They plan next to try the experiment in reverse : to scan incoming students who don ‘ t yet know one another and see whether those with接下来,他们要开始被忽视的实验。扫描彼此还不认识的新生,认为神经模式最匹配的学生最终不会成为好朋友。

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