无人驾驶汽车的伦理问题 Driverless cars|ag体育

By admin in 科技 on 2021年7月7日

ag体育

a lot of ” weird stuff ” happens while driving,Says Stanford university professor Chris gerdes . his assertion goes to the heart of one of斯坦福大学(Standford University)教授克里斯格德斯(Chris Gerdes)回答说,开车时不会再发生“怪事”。他的意见分歧,清楚地看到了与无人驾驶汽车相关的问题的核心。我们怎么能希望机器人处置人类不会在路上遇到的所有突发事件3354的行人、随便放置的交通锥、风和刀的枯萎树枝呢?and what about so-called ” algorithms of death ” : can robots be trusted to choose the least bad outcome in the event of an unavoidable,以及所谓的面对不可避免的冲击,机器人能相信最自由选择的结果吗?autonomous cars are not only pushing a century-old industry to the forefront of innovation . they are also forcing us to face crucial question W much cool汽车人不仅把百年历史的产业推到创意的前沿,他们还被迫面对对我们来说非常重要的问题:我们不想把多少控制权交给机器?cars that drive themselves may fundamentally reshape the way we view devices-from things that work or fail to a more nuanced picture of machines to a more需要自动驾驶的汽车可能不会完全改变我们对设备的看法。

——可以从工作或扔掉变成更细致的场景。推理小说也不受罚的机器。

“I don ‘ t think we ‘ ve seen a technology quite like this that mirrors what humans do in such an open-ended task”says prof gerdes Director of says“it really is a place where we have a robot doing something which,up to this PS Has been exclusively human。”when it comes to automated transport,the ethical questions are high stakes and fiendishly complicated.我知道机器人现在几乎可以做人类正在做的事情。(托马斯爱迪生)。

“对于自动化交通,伦理问题是重大而简单的。established manufacturers including Daimler and BMW,as well as tech upstarts such as Tesla and Google,Are known to have engaged experts SuuDaimler(戴姆勒)和BMW(宝马)等著名制造商和特斯拉菲亚特克莱斯勒(Fiat Chrysler)等其他企业表示,他们的工程技术人员正在“探索”自动驾驶的潜在影响。general motors says ” an autonomous system for production is not close enough today to have answers to these questions,Or even to know all thebut Nissan,the Japanese group that with partner Renault is the world ‘ s fourth-largest carman Has gone further,appointing a researcherGeneral Motors
但是日产(Nissan)——与合作伙伴雷诺(Renault)一起,转向了世界四大汽车制造商3354,该日资企业向硅谷分公司任命了专门研究这些伦理问题的研究员。

人类学家梅丽莎塞夫金(Melissa Cefkin)正在研究自动驾驶汽车、行人和骑自行车者之间的对话。one layer of ethical questions for driver less cars involves scenarios and thought experiments . Daniel Hirsch,an automotive expert at pa ca Posesthe“correct”response to this situation in one country or culture might be different in another.both german and Swiss law say human lives cannot be weighed against one another。

无人驾驶汽车伦理问题的一个方面涉及多种情景和思想实验。安全咨询(PA Consulting)汽车专家丹尼尔Hirsch表示:“一个孩子正在街上运球,汽车只有两个选择。

明确提出了“可以打倒这个孩子或杀死车上的老人癌症患者”的剧本。对于这种情况,一个国家或文化的“正确”问题在其他国家或文化中不能有所不同。这个问题本身有可能是非法的。

——德国和瑞士的法律都规定不能比人命更轻。and what about the position of big business,such as insurers?“there ‘ s a significant number of these cases in which the insurance company would decide differently-for instance,To them a handicapped那么保险公司等大企业的立场许西是这样回答的。

“很多情况下,保险公司对——没有不同的要求。例如,由于其余生命周期不同,残疾儿童比有残疾的老人更便宜。(威廉莎士比亚、哈姆雷特、健康)。

”while fully driver less cars remain some years away,Highly automated cars with sophisticated Crash-prevention technology are on the road这方面的考虑促使汽车制造商认真考虑伦理问题。“there is an increasing awareness across all auto makers that they have to deal with the psychological issues of these vehicles,”says Hans“‘they’rebeefing up their skills et。“咨询公司麦肯锡他们正在扩大各自的技术。”these moves underline that the industry is hypersensitive to safety following a series of high-profile recalls of millions of vehicles,Meaning这些措施意味着,在涉及数百万辆汽车的一系列备受关注的解雇后,——这些事件在对新技术的竞争中使用3354汽车产业容易受到安全问题的影响。

Volvo,which has built its brand around safety,typifies that approach . Erik coelingh,a senior technical leader for safety at the Says
埃里克克林(Erik Coelingh)是这家瑞典汽车制造商负责安全的高级技术负责人,他说:“实际上,我们必须确保汽车总有一天处于无法自由选择的状况。”that means driving conservative ly and observing traffic rules . to under score the point,Volvo said in October it would accept full civil liability这意味着要激进地操纵汽车,遵守交通规则。为了特别强调这一点,去年10月沃尔沃将对自动驾驶技术引起的事故分担民事赔偿责任。

ag体育

但是驾驶员可以转入宝马一位高管所说的“大脑恢复”状态,这不是真的。facing the full ethical dilemma of autonomous cars is still some years away . California-one of the most forward-looking transport regesmonth adopted draft rules that would require humans to stay in control of a vehicle at all times,as is written in the Vienna Convention observed bythis means fully driver less cars would be ” initially excluded from deployment ” in California。这意味着几乎无人驾驶的汽车最初将从加利福尼亚出发。“we as a society have to decide whether we ‘ re ready for a machine,with no driver intervention,to decide what should happen in a critice“and I ‘ m not sure that we are yet ready for that。

”宝马主管销售和营销的董事会成员伊恩罗伯逊(Ian Robertson)我不同意我们已经制定了计划。|ag体育平台。

本文来源:官方平台-www.masbsdy.com

Comments are closed.

网站地图xml地图
Copyright @ 2010-2021 ag体育|官方平台 版权所有